The state’s 14 districts are distributed among Kerala’s six regions: North Malabar (far-north Kerala), South Malabar (northern Kerala), Kochi (central Kerala), Northern Travancore, Central Travancore (southern Kerala) and Southern Travancore (far-south Kerala). The districts which serve as the administrative regions for taxation purposes are further subdivided into 75 taluks, which have fiscal and administrative powers over settlements within their borders, including maintenance of local land records. Kerala’s taluks are further sub-divided into 1,453 revenue villages.[138] Consequent to the 73rd and 74th Amendment to the Constitution of India, the local self-government institutions are to function as the third tier of government, which constitutes 14 District Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 978 Grama Panchayats, 60 Municipalities, six Corporations and one Township.[139] Mahé, a part of the Indian union territory of Puducherry,[140] though 647 kilometres (402 mi) remote from it,[141] is a coastal exclave surrounded by Kerala on all of its landward approaches. The Kannur District surrounds Mahé on three sides and Kozhikode District from one side.[142]

There are six Municipal corporations in Kerala that govern Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur.[143] Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation is the largest corporation in Kerala while Kochi metropolitan area named Greater Cochin or Kochi UA is the largest urban agglomeration.[144] According to a survey by economics research firm Indicus Analytivs, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kannur found place in the “best cities in India to spend life”; the survey used parameters such as health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment to rank the cities.[145]